Traveling With Minors
Travel authorizations are required for Portuguese minors entering and exiting Portugal.
Minors while travelling alone must have travel authorization signed by both parents, if married, or by the one who exercise parental responsibility.
Children whose parents are not united by marriage can travel without entry/exit authorization if accompanied by one of parents and if travelling alone only the consent of the parent with whom they usually reside is required.
The travel authorization must be in writing, dated and requires the signature of the person exercising parental authority, with this signature legalized by the Consulate (if minor holds Portuguese nationality), empowering monitoring to a third party, properly identified.
The travel authorization can be used indefinitely, within the validity period mentioned on document, which, however, may not exceed the period of one calendar year.
Documents to submit:
- Valid Citizen Card / ID Card from both parents;
- or Citizen Card / ID Card of the mother, if the son/daughter of a single, separated, divorced or widowed mother,
- or Citizen Card / ID Card of the one exercising the custodial authority;
- Proof of address and ID document of the minor
If married parents:
If minor travels alone: the travel authorization must be signed by one of the parents.
If a minor travels only with one of the parents: authorization from the other parent is not required. However, the non-travelling parent may convey such intention through direct contact with the Consulate, by sending the following information: the complete identification of both minor and parent, as well as address and contact, copy of the citizen card or ID card of the applicant; minor birth certificate.
In case a parent wishes to convey his opposition to his minor child traveling with only the other parent, he must contact directly the nearest Portuguese consulate and the Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras (www.sef.pt) in Portugal, providing the required info above; eventually, agreement or decision on regulating the exercise of parental responsibilities, if applicable. Note that although it is not a judicial injunction precluding the minor exiting of Portugal, to this expression of intent is assigned a validity period of 6 months.
If divorced or legally separated parents:
The travel authorization must be signed by the person holding parental responsibility; - If custodial parenthood belongs to both parents, the authorization must be signed by both of them. In this case, if a parent does not maintain any contact for several years, the Court decision must be submitted and the authorization may only be signed by the parent with whom the minor legally resides.
If the affiliation is established only in relation to a person, usually the mother, the travel authorization must be signed by parent who acknowledged the child and must also compulsorily submitt the birth certificate of the child as well as the “full transcript of birth certificate” if the child is born in the U.S..
If unmarried parents:
- If minor travels alone, travel authorization must be signed by the parent with whom the minor regularly resides.
- If one parent is deceased:
- The travel authorization must be signed by the other parent upon presentation of the death certificate.
- If the minor is entrusted to a third party or an institution:
- The travel authorization must be signed:
- by the holder of parental authority, upon presentation of the Court sentence;
- by the Director, or his/her representative, from the minors protection service, upon presentation of the Court order.
- If minor is under guardianship:
- the travel authorization must be signed by the guardian appointed by the Court, upon presentation of the respective judgement.
- If the minor has been adopted:
- the travel authorization must be signed by the foster parent(s).
- If the adoption process is not yet completed:
- the travel authorization must be signed by the foster parent(s), upon presentation of the Court order certificate that entrusts the child custody.
The emancipated minor by marriage does not need a travel authorization, but must present a marriage certificate to prove the status of emancipation.
Application forms are provided by the Consulate.
TRAVEL AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FOREIGN UNDERAGE CITIZENS
You will need to grant written consent, including yours and the minor’s identification number, and signed in the presence of a notary public.